Planning a successful city involves more than determining where the buildings and streets will sit. A city also needs green spaces to make it livable and pleasant for residents. These open spaces include grass, trees, and landscapes where people can spend time enjoying the outdoors. Green spaces provide recreational areas where people can play sports or engage in outdoor activities. The spaces are also crucial for the health of the environment. Trees and landscaping help improve air quality, and they help regulate the climate.
Expansive paved surfaces such as parking lots and roadways heat up the air around these areas. Green spaces interspersed with paved surfaces help to reduce heat buildup. Even planting trees in parking lots provides shade and helps with the overnight cool-down of these areas. As trees provide this cooling, the use of fossil fuels naturally goes down because less cooling is required for shaded buildings and houses. In fact, trees planted in strategic places in yards can provide enough summer shade to reduce the house temperature and allow air conditioners to run with up to 4 percent more efficiency. Winter advantages are worth noting as well, since trees can serve as an effective wind block during the winter. These wind blocks can help keep a house warmer and reduce furnace use.
Adding trees to landscapes involves caring for them properly to keep them healthy. Some trees are more prone to disease than other types of trees. The American beech tree falls victim to many major diseases, and insects tend to plague beech trees. Mountain ash trees are also prone to disease and insect infestations. Other trees tend to be damaged easily in storms. Some of these fragile trees include mulberry, poplar, and cottonwood trees. To keep trees healthy, trim them at least annually. Tree-trimming should include examining the tree to find any diseased or dead branches. Upon finding any unhealthy or dead branches, cut them back to the point of healthy growth. Additionally, remove any crossing or rubbing branches to open up the canopy and prevent branches from bruising each other. If you find suckers or new growth around the trunk, remove this growth to allow the tree to focus its energy on growth in the canopy. Hire a professional tree-trimmer for very large trees.
When tree removal is necessary, most homeowners opt to hire a professional service to ensure successful removal. Removing a tree can be a dangerous process, and a professional team knows how to cut back the top portion before working on the trunk to cut it down to a stump. Once the tree is removed, the final step involves taking out the stump. Most removal teams will leave the stump unless a homeowner adds it to a project. Although stump removal can be challenging, it is possible to do with the correct equipment. Grinding the stump with a grinder is one option. After grinding up the stump, you will need to remove remaining debris with a shovel. Some people prefer to apply chemicals to remove a stump. This process may take up to six weeks while the chemicals work inside the stump, and then, you can chop away the remaining stump with an ax.
Common Tree Diseases